In 2016 new progress and attainment measures were introduced at KS1 and KS2 with raised expectations for attainment in all subjects at all stages.
In KS2, pupils completed standardised tests in maths and reading (that form part of their overall attainment) and in English grammar, punctuation and spelling (GPS). Their results are published as a scaled score.
A scaled score of 100-109 indicates they have ‘Attained the Expected standard’ in that subject. A scaled score of 110-120 indicates they have ‘Attained the high standard’. A scaled score of below 100 indicates that have not attained the expected standard.
Writing is teacher assessed against sets of statements titled: ‘working towards the expected standard’ (WTS); ‘working at the expected standard’ (EXS); and ‘working at greater depth than the expected standard’ (GDS). Children who have not met any standard were recorded HNM.
The headline figure of percentage of children achieving the expected standard only includes children who attained the expected standard or above in maths and reading and attained or exceeded the expected standard in writing. In previous years all passes at the expected standard (Level 4) in any subject were counted towards the total.
To calculate progress during KS2, children’s average attainment for combined reading/writing and maths at the end of KS1 was turned into a point score. Children’s KS2 attainment was then compared with the attainment of other children nationally with the same starting point score. Average progress compared to peers will be 0.